The aim of the course is to inform the students about the basic auxiliary historical sciences, their historical development and methods of their application to the historical sources. The main goal of the course is to teach the students how to use the archival documents as relevant historical sources, to inform them about the methods of collecting, classifying and systematic of original archival documents, to develop the critical deliberation of students, and to teach them how to interpret and objective evaluate the preserved archival material. Course content:
Week 1: Introduction of the course - work schedule and student obligations.
Week 2: Latin paleography - materials and forms of manuscripts (wax tables, papyrus, parchment, paper); an overview of the development of Latin scripture; classification and periodization of medieval alphabets.
Week 3: Scripture of the Roman period - majuscule and minuscule, uncial script and half uncial script.
Week 4: Scripture to the early Middle Ages: preecarolingian minuscule; curial scripture; beneventanian scripture - historical development, the form of letters and the abbreviations.
Week 5: - Beneventanian scripture - selected examples and reading practice.
Week 6: Other national letters of the Middle Ages: Merovingian scripture, Visigothic scripture, insular scripture.
Week 7: Gothic scripture - historical development, types, shapes, style characteristics, abbreviations.
Week 8: Humanistic scripture and letters papal office - historical development, selected examples.
Week 9: The first test: paleography.
Week 10: Diplomatics - definition, classification of documents, the main participants of document, scriptures, materials, graphic symbols, language and style of documents.
Week 11: Public and private documents - origin and structure.
Week 12: Diplomatic analysis of private documents - selected examples.
Week 13: Diplomatic analysis of public documents - selected examples.
Week 14: Tradition of documents - forms: originals, transcripts, fakes; copy books.
Week 15: The second test: diplomatic.